Famous scientists

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10 most famous scientists of the world

They think soda volcanoes and potato batteries are good introduction to science.

These people took it a little further.  Welcome to watch.mojo.com and today we're counting down our picks for the top 10 influential scientists. For this list we're focusing on people who had a lasting or significant influence on both science and daily life.

NUMBER TEN. CHARLES DARWIN.

Charles Darwin's 1859 book on the Origin of Species created a sensation that still reverberates throughout the world. Darwin's theory of evolution outraged many religious leaders and challenged assumptions about the world. But its principles are now accepted as fact and born out by scientific inquiry. Modern evolutionary theory had itself evolved but its roots are clearly recognizable in Darwin's brilliant theory.

NUMBER NINE. THE WRIGHT BROTHERS.

While there may be other aviation pioneers who also deserve recognition Orville and Wilbur Wright are generally hailed as the first to successfully create a manned flying machine. This accomplishment made possible the development of the entire aviation industry. The world was made smaller by the airplane as people and goods could travel great distances in a short amount of time. The world economy, tourism and the defense industry were never the same.

NUMBER EIGHT. MARIE CURIE.

The word “radioactivity” was conceived by Marie Curie. And her work in that field is what she is chiefly remembered for. She created the theory of radioactivity and developed techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes. The first woman awarded a Nobel Prize which she won for both physics and chemistry. Curie also discovered the elements polonium and radium and helped develop the X-ray.

NUMBER SEVEN. NIKOLA TESLA.

Thomas Edison gets all the glory for his work in electricity. And while he was a good scientist, Nikola Tesla was even more important. Tesla`s  groundbreaking work led to the alternating current electric power system which was crucial in industrial development.  Among many interests Tesla also made significant contributions to the field of robotics, nuclear physics ballistics, electro mechanical engineering, radar, radio, theoretical physics and computer science.

NUMBER SIX.  LEONARDO DA VINCI.

Although more celebrated as an artist Leonardo da Vinci also had an outstanding scientific mind. For example, his man drawing is an example of ideal human proportions. He also made numerous designs of such items as flying machines,  tanks,  calculators and plant studies. He even created an early basic theory of what is now called plague tectonics. Who knows how science would have been altered if more for scientific work has been published during his lifetime.

NUMBER FIVE.  ARCHIMEDES.

The greatest mathematician of ancient times and one of the greatest of all-time.  Archimedes was also a physicist, inventor, astronomer and engineer. He created the principal by which the volume of an irregularly shaped object can be determined which had enormous influence down through the ages. Some of his designs have been disproved including one which outlined a way to set a ship on fire using mirrors. But much of his work stands the test of time.

NUMBER FOUR. JOHANNES GUTENBERG.

Many the scientists on this list spent their lives devoted to scientific exploration. Johannes Gutenberg is here because of one major invention. Gutenberg came up with the concept a mechanical movable type printing which at one fell swoop (одним махом) altered the world of printing and with it the dissemination (распространение) of information. Mass production of printed material suddenly became our reality and remained the biggest advance in communications until mass media and the Internet.

NUMBER THREE. ISAAC NEWTON.

The story about apple hitting Sir Isaac Newton on the head and the scientist all of a sudden discovering the lot of gravity is oversimplified. But hey! It's a good story. Newton's accomplishments include the Principia which many considered the most influential book  in scientific history and which laid out the famous three laws of motion. Modern physics and engineering owe him a huge debt of gratitude.

NUMBER TWO. ARISTOTLE.

Famous Greek philosopher Aristotle is equally renowned as a scientist. Indeed many consider him history's first genuine scientist. Geology, biology, physics, medicine, psychology and meteorology were among his many passions. Although many of his conclusions do not stand up to modern science, his efforts made important groundwork that influence scientific belief through the Renaissance and into the Enlightenment. Modern science would not be where it is today without his early contributions.

Before we reveal our top pick here are a few honorable mentions.

Max Planсk  — an originator of quantum theory.

Alan Turing — the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence.

Galileo Galilei – the «father of observational astronomy», the «father of modern physics»  and the «father of science» (Renaissance,16-17 centuries).

Enrico Fermi — an Italian physicist, who created the world's first nuclear reactor.

Louis Pasteur — a French chemist and microbiologist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination and pasteurization.

NUMBER ONE. ALBERT EINSTEIN.

With his rumpled (мятая) clothes and whacked out hair Albert Einstein may be the most lovable scientist on our list. But he's number one because of his accomplishments. His theory of relativity revolutionized the field a physics and his discovery of a photo electric effect led to what we now know as quantum theory. Practically everyone knows Einstein 's famous “E equals MC squared” (E=MC2) equation, even if we can't really explain it. We just know that it changed the world we live in.

Do you agree with our choices? What other scientific geniuses should be added to this list?

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